Friday, May 30, 2008

Register for Young Scientist Competition

The June 15 deadline is fast approaching for Discovery Education's Young Scientist Challenge, a competition that asks students to create a short video explaining a specific scientific concept.

Over the past nine years, more than 540,000 middle school students have been nominated to participate in the competition. Winners have gone on to speak in front of members of Congress, work with the nation's top scientists, and pursue academic careers in the sciences.

Find out more information at Discovery Education's Web site.

Wednesday, May 28, 2008

The Board Members Met on May 27th (not a meeting)

I have been wrestling with this post and my conscience for a couple of days. Why?, you may ask.

The Board of Education members met Tuesday, May 27th for administrative function. This meeting was not announced to the public, but according to officials it didn't have to be because it was not an executive session but was for administrative function and no minutes were taken.

Although this meeting legally doesn't have to be announced, I personally believe that whenever a majority (four or more) of the board meets, the public should be aware. Just my opinion.

Curriculum Designed to Unite Art and Science

Published: May 27, 2008

Senator Barack Obama likes to joke that the battle for the Democratic presidential nomination has been going on so long, babies have been born, and they’re already walking and talking.

That’s nothing. The battle between the sciences and the humanities has been going on for so long, its early participants have stopped walking and talking, because they’re already dead.

It’s been some 50 years since the physicist-turned-novelist C.P. Snow delivered his famous “Two Cultures” lecture at the University of Cambridge, in which he decried the “gulf of mutual incomprehension,” the “hostility and dislike” that divided the world’s “natural scientists,” its chemists, engineers, physicists and biologists, from its “literary intellectuals,” a group that, by Snow’s reckoning, included pretty much everyone who wasn’t a scientist. His critique set off a frenzy of hand-wringing that continues to this day, particularly in the United States, as educators, policymakers and other observers bemoan the Balkanization of knowledge, the scientific illiteracy of the general public and the chronic academic turf wars that are all too easily lampooned.

Read more HERE

Tuesday, May 27, 2008

Few Solutions In Book on Charters

By Jay Mathews
Washington Post Staff Writer
Monday, May 26, 2008; 5:34 AM

Journalists, particularly me, tend to get excited about charter schools, the independently run public schools that have produced -- at least in some cases -- major improvements in achievement for children from low-income families. The charter educators I write about are often young, energetic, witty, noble and pretty much irresistible. But their charter schools, which use tax dollars with little oversight, are relatively new and untried. Like all experiments, they could easily fizzle.

That is the point of a short, readable and fact-filled new book, "Keeping the Promise? The Debate over Charter Schools," available for $16.95 at The seven chapters make the best case I have ever read for a skeptical attitude toward the nation's 4,000 charter schools. For reasons I will explain, it did not change my view of charters, but it should spark, as the subtitle says, a thought-provoking debate.

The book was published in collaboration with the Center for Community Change, a 40-year-old organization dedicated to building community groups that focus on poverty. It has been looking at inner-city schools for a long time. Much of the book reflects its view that political and business leaders have overlooked, or even exacerbated, terrible classroom conditions. One of the most suspicious things about charters to many of the book's authors is that they are often backed by wealthy corporate executives who, in their view, don't understand what it takes to help poor children.

Read more HERE

Friday, May 23, 2008

More schools to face law's consequences

May 20, 6:26 AM (ET)

WASHINGTON (AP) - Pink slips for principals and teachers. School-funded tutoring for poor kids. Schools are increasingly looking at those kind of consequences for failing to raise math and reading scores.

The federal No Child Left Behind law says that by the 2013-14 school year all students must pass state tests in these subjects.

About half of the states have steady annual goals for increasing the percentage of students passing, or working at their proper grade level. But the other half set the bar very low early on, and starting about now expect big annual achievement gains, according to a report being released Tuesday by the nonpartisan Center on Education Policy.

Educators liken the latter strategy to a balloon payment mortgage, in which home owners have a final payment that is much larger than previous ones.

It's unlikely that states that took that approach can make the kind of gains expected, said Jack Jennings, the center's president.

Schools that don't hit testing benchmarks for two years or longer face consequences that become increasingly stiff each year - from having to transport children to higher-performing schools and paying for tutoring to replacing staff thought to be a part of a school's problems.

Nearly 11,000 schools, or a little more than 10 percent of all public schools - from elementary to high school - have missed their state-set progress goals and are taking corrective steps, according to the Education Department.

That number has been rising slowly and is expected to grow at a faster clip over the next few years.

Read more HERE

Thursday, May 22, 2008

Honors Courses Give Way To AP Rigor

By Daniel de Vise
Washington Post Staff Writer
Monday, May 19, 2008; Page B01

Honors classes, once the pinnacle of pre-collegiate study, are gradually being eliminated at some of the region's top high schools, on the theory that the burgeoning Advanced Placement and International Baccalaureate programs have rendered them obsolete.

In the fall, Rockville High School will be the first campus in Montgomery County not to offer honors English as an option for seniors. School systems in Fairfax and Loudoun counties have scaled back their honors programs in recent years. Prince William County schools have abandoned the honors label altogether.

The decline of honors courses mirrors the expansion of AP and IB, nationally recognized programs that present high school students with college-level work. In many area schools, those programs have effectively replaced honors as the top college-preparatory track. At least one area high school, Bell Multicultural in the District, now requires students to take at least two AP courses and the corresponding end-of-year exams.

Read more HERE

Wednesday, May 21, 2008

6 Montgomery Schools Among Nation's Top 100

Newsweek's list of the Top 100 Public High Schools in the country is out and, for the first time ever, a local district has the distinction of the most schools on the list.

Montgomery County boasts six schools in the top 100, but many schools in the D.C. area received high marks.

Parents told News 4's Michael Flynn that how schools are rated is important to them.

"It's the reason we chose this area, absolutely," one parent said.

Montgomery's six top high schools include Richard Montgomery with a ranking at 32, Thomas S. Wootten at 59, Bethesda-Chevy Chase at 63, Walt Whitman at 68, Walter Johnson at 75 and Winston Churchill at 96. All of the county's high schools made Newsweek's top 1,000.

Schools superintendent Dr. Jerry Weast called the distinction "a big payback for our citizens and taxpayers."

Four Fairfax high schools made the list with Langley doing best with a ranking of 55, followed by W.T. Woodson at 73, Lake Braddock at 93 and Mclean at 97. In Falls Church, George Mason ranked at 58.

Read more HERE

Wednesday, May 14, 2008

Notes from Board Meeting, 5/13/08

The Board Meeting from Tuesday, May 13th will be broadcast on Channel 96 on Wednesdays at 6 p.m.; Fridays at 9 a.m.; and Saturdays and Sundays at 2 p.m. . To view the full agenda and the various reports, please visit BoardDocs.

The below notes are my personal notes and are not intended to be all-inclusive or official minutes for the Board of Education meetings and are provided as a request from my supporters and the general public in a personal effort to be more transparent. Although I have diligently tried to make these notes as unbiased and accurate as possible, I am only human and do make mistakes.

This meeting didn't follow the originally scheduled agenda because the Board of Education had to recess mid-meeting due to a short notice to present the Budget to the Commissioners at their meeting.

4:30 - Recognition

ACTION - Budget

Motion to accept by Abell; Second by Wise
Unanimous - PASSED

REPORT- Educational Facilities Master Plan

  • Report presented

REPORT - New High School Cost Reduction Alternatives

  • Carrington, Pedersen, Abell served on a committee with Mr. Wineland to propose cuts to the new high school
  • Bailey - pg. 1 #12 - 1 door as opposed to two on classrooms
  • Wineland - not a safety concern. Schools currently have 1 door
  • Bailey - pg. 2 #8 ceramic tile in bathrooms; hygiene
  • Wineland - Smooth service with ease in cleaning. Painting cinder block wall create a smooth surface. Same sanitary concerns can be addresses with the painted cinder block
  • Pedersen - Many things considered. Safety and well being as well as cut costs
  • Wise - Redesign 4-story building. Design fees included
  • Wineland - not have estimate at this time
  • Wineland - # thrown out by commissioners is not reachable
  • Abell - Accept committees document
  • Wineland - # of students x 150 per student x 215 sq ft per bldg or 240 sq ft per site = cost according to the state formula
  • Wineland - state did not reject the high school. delayed approval due to site issues and they have been corrected.
  • Wise - where did the misinformation come from?
  • Wineland - don't know

Motion to accept by Abell; Second by Wise
Unanimous - PASSED

REPORT - Superintendent Update

  • one of few systems completely wireless
  • asked to speak at the State Educational Technology Directors Association Education Forum
  • telepresence demonstration in Columbia including digital classroom
  • HSA's at the end of May. 88.4% have passed; 209 students have not passed
  • Schools closed on Monday due to county road closures. Letter sent to Grasmick requesting excused for one day.
  • Levilee named Maryland National Distinguished Principal
  • Graduations
  • Shah - Which schools are first for telepresence
  • Richmond - All six
  • Shah - How many units per school
  • Richmond - one room per school; like a lab; distance learning; AP courses


  • Budget; thank you for including the supplementary budget
  • Pellicore report shows commissioners have funds for budget and supplements

REPORT - 09-10 Calendar

  • Hettel - Survey being sent out; Action item in June
  • Abell - Survey results before June meeting
  • Hettel - yes

REPORT - Stethem Center Career and Cooperative Education Program

  • See presentation; fantastic program

REPORT - Out of County Tuition Fees

  • Abell - Outside Maryland vs. Maryland counties discount
  • Balides - state picks up the difference for in state tuition


  • Bailey - Summer Academy - Remedial vs. Enrichment
  • Carrington - Dir. C.C. Public Library add her to agenda
  • Sept. 4th What Counts - names submitted
  • Abell - Remind again that Policy 9336 & 8000 need to be updated

ACTION - Minutes from 4/8/08; 4/28/08

Motion to accept by Carrington; Second by Wise
Unanimous - PASSED

ACTION - Personnel

Motion to accept by Wise; Second by Pedersen
Unanimous - PASSED

ACTION - Textbooks - Advanced Placement English Language & Composition ; Health ; Marketing and Web Design

Motion to accept by Wise; Second by Pedersen
Unanimous - PASSED

Monday, May 12, 2008

Discipline's cost

Tens of thousands of students are being suspended in Maryland for relatively minor infractions each year, the result of zero-tolerance discipline policies that critics say are harming some of the most vulnerable children.

One in 11 students in the state was suspended last year - enough to fill every seat in Anne Arundel County's public schools. The rates were much higher for African-Americans, special-education students and boys - who were twice as likely as girls to be sent home.

"What we see is that suspension and expulsion are overused and actually push kids who need education the most out of school," said Jane Sundius at the Open Society Institute, a nonprofit that has studied suspensions and expulsions in Baltimore schools .

The rate of suspensions in Maryland has risen over the past 15 years, as school systems responded with stricter discipline codes to rising violence in their communities and the fear fanned by the shooting deaths at Columbine High School in 1999. Many administrators believe a no-nonsense approach to misbehavior is needed to keep schools safe and ensure a good environment for learning.

Read more HERE

Sunday, May 11, 2008

Reminder: Board Meeting, 5/13/08

Just wanted to remind everyone there is a Board Meeting Tuesday, May 13th. Can't can watch it live on Channel 96. It will also be re-broadcast on Wednesdays at 6 p.m.; Fridays at 9 a.m.; and Saturdays and Sundays at 2 p.m. . To view the full agenda and the various reports, please visit BoardDocs.


12:00 - Executive Session
1:00 - Board Meeting begins
4:30 - Recognition
6:00 - Public Forum (Must sign-up prior to 6:00)



Saturday, May 10, 2008

Test Scores Suggest Success In Middle School Instruction

By Daniel de Vise
Washington Post Staff Writer
Thursday, May 8, 2008; Page SM05

Middle schools, forever castigated as the weak link in public education, have made steady progress on Maryland's standardized test, and well over half of the students at the top campuses in the state's Washington suburbs have earned the highest rating on the exam.

An analysis of 2007 Maryland School Assessment scores for suburban middle schools finds ample evidence of improvement, with some schools posting dramatic gains and comparatively few losing ground. The results defy conventional wisdom, which portrays middle schools as laggards in the field of school reform.

At Herbert Hoover Middle School in Potomac, 71 percent of students who took the MSA last spring scored at the highest of three performance levels, advanced, and 25 percent scored in the middle level, proficient. In 2006, by contrast, at no middle school in the eight-county region did more than 63 percent of students score advanced on the MSA.

The numbers of students scoring proficient and advanced on the MSA are added to measure "proficiency," the standard by which schools are judged under the federal No Child Left Behind law. The lowest-scoring level, basic, does not count toward proficiency.

Read more HERE

Friday, May 09, 2008

New York’s Coveted Public Schools Face Pupil Jam

Boy does this sopund familiar!

Published: May 9, 2008

Of all the draws of 200 Chambers Street, a luxury TriBeCa condo with floor-to-ceiling windows and a swimming pool, Sherry Hsiung was particularly attracted by Public School 234, the celebrated elementary school next door.

But when Dr. Hsiung, a dermatologist, tried to register her son for kindergarten last month, she was shocked to hear that because of a surge in applications, he would be placed on a hold list, and could not be guaranteed a seat. Instead, he could be assigned to an elementary school elsewhere in District 2, which stretches to the Upper East Side. “I’m totally at a loss,” she said. “This is a public school.”

Parents consider it a sacred tenet of city life: If you move into a good elementary school’s zone, your children can go to the school. But Lower Manhattan’s population has experienced a post-Sept. 11 baby and building boom, and the highly regarded schools in the neighborhood — P.S. 234 and P.S. 89, in Battery Park City — are faced with a glut of children and nowhere to put them. Some three dozen children are already on the waiting lists for these schools, an unusual predicament that has surprised parents, setting off an avalanche of outrage on playgrounds, at meetings and on the Internet.

Read more HERE

Turmoil Racks Teachers Union

National Group Intervenes Amid Officers' Battle, Recall Drive

By V. Dion Haynes
Washington Post Staff Writer
Monday, May 5, 2008; Page B04

The Washington Teachers' Union is facing a management crisis involving infighting between the president and vice president, an intervention by its parent organization and a recall drive targeting all the officers.

Five years after being placed in receivership by the American Federation of Teachers, after the embezzlement of millions of dollars in teachers' dues by then-President Barbara Bullock, the union is grappling with a host of internal and external pressures that threaten the viability of the organization, leaders say. Last week, at the request of the union's board, the national union dispatched a representative to work full time in the office to assess the operation and then devise and help implement a plan for fixing the problems.

Turmoil in the 4,200-member Washington union is surfacing at a pivotal time: The organization is grappling with the coming displacement of hundreds of teachers through Schools Chancellor Michelle A. Rhee's plans to close 23 schools and reorganize 27 others as well as her efforts to weaken long-standing job protections under a contract being negotiated. Meanwhile, membership has been eroding steadily, with fewer teachers needed to accommodate a rapidly shrinking enrollment.

Read more HERE

Thursday, May 08, 2008

An Initiative on Reading Is Rated Ineffective

Published: May 2, 2008

President Bush’s $1 billion a year initiative to teach reading to low-income children has not helped improve their reading comprehension, according to a Department of Education report released on Thursday.

The program, known as Reading First, drew on some of Mr. Bush’s educational experiences as Texas governor, and at his insistence Congress included it in the federal No Child Left Behind legislation that passed by bipartisan majorities in 2001. It has been a subject of dispute almost ever since, however, with the Bush administration and some state officials characterizing the program as beneficial for young students, and Congressional Democrats and federal investigators criticizing conflict of interest among its top advisers.

“Reading First did not improve students’ reading comprehension,” concluded the report, which was mandated by Congress and carried out by the Department of Education’s research arm, the Institute of Education Sciences. “The program did not increase the percentages of students in grades one, two or three whose reading comprehension scores were at or above grade level.”

Read more HERE

Wednesday, May 07, 2008

Board Benchmarks - Passed up again

UPDATE: The board chairman has once again passed up my request to serve on a board sub-group. The members serving on this group are Pedersen, Cook, and Bailey


At the recent work session the board reviewed the benchmarks approved in 2005 (see below). It was decided to remove Benchmark # . The remaining benchmarks will be reviewed, reworded, updated by a yet to be determined sub-committee. I have requested to serve on this committee. Please provide your feedback.

Benchmark #1
"Charles County Public Schools SAT participation rate and average scores will increase annually for each school. Participation is optional. (Approved October 11, 2005)

Benchmark #2
“Charles County Public Schools will rank in the top ten of the 22 school systems according to the Washington Post Index Formula for Advanced Placement. At least 81 percent of AP course enrollment will take the AP exam. (2004 CCPS is 81 percent) The average score will increase. (2004 CCPS average score is 2.24) (Approved October 11, 2005)

Benchmark #3
"Charles County Public School graduates receiving Scholars recognition at graduation will increase annually by at least 1 percent at each school." (Approved October 11, 2005)

Benchmark #4
"The Superintendent shall continue to hire and retain highly qualified (trained/expertise in the class subject), competent, and dynamic teachers. The percentage of classes taught by highly qualified teachers will increase annually. (2004=51 percent or 3,484 of 6,838 classes.) The percentage of teachers receiving a Highly Effective or Outstanding on their evaluation in the area of Teaching Power will increase annually." (Approved October 11, 2005)

Benchmark #5
"The Superintendent shall continue to implement the standard for student behavior as contained in the Student Code of Conduct. In addition, no school in the Charles County Public School system will be classified as persistently dangerous by the state standard. (Approved October 11, 2005)

Benchmark #6 (REMOVED)
“The Superintendent shall continue to aggressively seek ways to decrease the percentage of student enrollment above core capacity in each Charles County public school annually."

Benchmark #7
"The Superintendent shall create and administer to parents a school satisfaction survey, including but not limited to family involvement, communication, and overall satisfaction, upon completion of the state survey. The results of this survey will improve annually. (See Maryland Parent Advisory Council Preliminary Recommendations)" (Approved October 11, 2005)

Benchmark #8
"Charles County Public Schools will exceed the High School Assessment state averages, in order to achieve Maryland State Department of Education graduation mandates. The classes involved are Algebra I, Biology, Government, and English II." (Approved October 11, 2005)

Benchmark #9
"Charles County Public School system will comply with the federally mandated No Child Left Behind (NCLB) requirements by exceeding the state performance in Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) in the 20 mandatory reporting areas and in the number of schools making AYP. No school will be in program improvement." (Approved October 11, 2005)

Benchmark #10
"Charles County Public Schools will increase the number of courses utilizing technology support as a major component for the instructional program and increase the number of courses offered in distance learning annually." (Approved October 11, 2005)

Post Legislative Wrap-Up Session with Delegation

The Board of Education will be meeting with the Charles County Delegation on Thursday, May 8th from 10:00 am to 12:00 pm for a post legislative wrap-up session. This meeting is open to the public, however, if you cannot can watch it live on Channel 96. It will also be re-broadcast on Wednesdays at 6 p.m.; Fridays at 9 a.m.; and Saturdays and Sundays at 2 p.m.

Saturday, May 03, 2008

Graduation Information

Board members participate in graduations as part of the academic procession, and along with the Superintendent confer diplomas to the graduating class. If anyone has a particular board member whom you would like to personally present the diploma to your student, please send your request to that board member by May 14th.

Thursday, May 01, 2008

Notes from Board Meeting, 4/28/08

The Board Meeting from Monday, April 28th will be broadcast on Channel 96 on Wednesdays at 6 p.m.; Fridays at 9 a.m.; and Saturdays and Sundays at 2 p.m. . To view the full agenda and the various reports, please visit BoardDocs.

The below notes are my personal notes and are not intended to be all-inclusive or official minutes for the Board of Education meetings and are provided as a request from my supporters and the general public in a personal effort to be more transparent. Although I have diligently tried to make these notes as unbiased and accurate as possible, I am only human and do make mistakes.

6:00 - Public Forum
  • Male - President of AFSME - commissioner funded budget; commisisoners don't need to hoard money; support building new schools; Charles has more trailers than any other county; heard Richmond was upset about commissioners not funding new schools; gas prices and minimum wage employees
  • Female - MSTA and EACC rep; Releaseed Pellicore report to chairman of the board; commissioners bduget hiding money; 52.4% of what? designating previously undesignated funds; wants BOE to ask for what they need and not ask commissioners what they are willing to give; advocates for system on budget

Superintendent's Budget - Jim Richmond and Paul Balides

  • Requests $300.5M = $18.4M increase; County funding figures has changed 4 times over the last year so he cannot guarantee a balanced budget
  • No major new programs
  • current programs maintained
  • new funds requested for compensation
  • Finish Neal & 12th grade at North Point will be handled with transfers
  • Fully funding technology and materials of instruction
  • No increase in staffing for enrollment increases
  • Combining summer activities into some buildings and work schedule for summer 7:30 - 3:30 to conserve energy
  • Balides-Supplemental request budget will move forward with budget requests but may notbe funded. Budget is NOT balanced because we still don't have a number for county funding
  • Wise - Mandatory transportation cost - 22 replacement buses?
  • Balides - Not buying buses - contractors buy and recovery formula used for maintenance, fuel, benefots, etc. Part of contract
  • Wise - state formula or ours?
  • Balides - negotiated by system. consistent around region and other systems
  • Wise - Mandatory replacement?
  • Wineland - Yes, every 13 years
  • Pedersen - Synopsis from Parent Advisory Council on budget
  • Balides - Concerns include overcrowding; teachers and funding thereof; programs; intervention and summer programs; raising lunch prices again
  • Cook - Gifted identification and Summer academy?
  • Estep - streamlined costs by combining locations and reduced costs of meals. Increased pupil/teacher ratio by 3-4 students. No programs cut or limited.
  • Bailey - 3% administrative - compare to other systems in the region
  • Balides - Charles is 8th in the state
  • Bailey - supplemental budget in priority order? where is lacrosse?
  • Yes prioirty order; lacrosse included under school administration (next to last item)
  • Pedersen - Operating cost per pupil, ranking in state?
  • Balides - 2005 we're 22nd
  • Carrington - how much difference in the actual numbers?
  • Balides - 05 Montgomery was 1st at $12,500; PG was 10th at $9,400; Charles was 22nd at $8,700
  • Pedersen - projected students for next year?
  • Cunningham - Neal just under 500 but can house 640
  • Pedersen - questions the 500; thinks we'll open above capacity
  • Cunningham - If that happens the room is there
  • Pedersen - But the teachers are not
  • Cunningham - We will move them from under enrolled schools

Board Benchmarks

  • Bailey requested Board Retreat item be discussed first; consensus was yes.
  • Abell - How does the Chairman want these addressed?
  • Carrington - thought we were doing one by one
  • Wade - not going into detail, statistics, or results tonight, only deciding if we want to keep the benchmark. No rewording tonight either.
  • #1 SAT - Unanimous to keep; PASSED
  • #2 AP - Unanimous to keep; PASSED
  • #3 Scholars - Carrington = No; Remaining members yes; PASSED
  • #4 Highly Qualified Teachers - Unanimous to keep; PASSED
  • #5 Dangerous Schools - Unanimous to keep; PASSED
  • #6 Core Capacity - REMOVE; Abell = No; Remaining members yes; PASSED
  • #7 Survey parents - Unanimous to keep; PASSED
  • #8 HSA's - Unanimous to keep; PASSED
  • #9 NCLB - Unanimous to keep; PASSED
  • #10 Distance Learning; Unanimous to keep; PASSED
  • Abell - recommended a committee be formed; to include staff on updating and rewording the benchmarks
  • Abell - requested to serve on this committee since she is the only board member not currently serving on a committee

Board Priorities Retreat Summary prepared by Kitty Blumsack of MABE

  • Pedersen - requests Superintendents response to priorities and budget
  • Richmond - Maintain programs; if population (students) increases drastically, more than projected, budget will suffer. Highest priority is staff compensation and cost of living. Cancerned about effects over the next 2-3 years. Will fund safety issues and the "need to have's"
  • Abell - What is going to happen with this list?
  • Wade - working with Richmond to accomplish list, goals to work towards
  • Abell - adopting as goals?
  • wade - No, just an interst list
  • Pedersen - Shoudl we put in personal preference order?
  • Abell - consensus; mail to Ms. Stubblefield for compilation
  • Carrington - aren't they already in order by Ms. Blumsack
  • Abell - No
  • Pedersen - Re-number keeping in mind to be optimistic with the current financial situation
  • Cook - Then what? are we actually going to act on these?
  • Abell - Sned your list in to Ms. Stubblefield during the next week for action at the next meeting

Action Items

Wise motioned; 2nd by Pedersen to accept the Superintendents Recommendation
to award to the low bid, John Mattingly



  • Wade - BOE member requests board approves relocateables
  • Bailey - Approved addition at Barnhart; request commissioner approval, but odd that we didn't vote on $2M trailers at North Point
  • Wineland - history of relocateables never brought before the board. Committee reviews and considered daily operations

Bailey motioned; 2nd by Abell for the board to approve
all budget items pertaining to the CIP